1790 Death of inventor of musical instrument known as the glass harmonica or armonica,
Benjamin (Ben) Franklin. Also American scientist, publisher, writer and statesman. He helped
frame the American Declaration of Independence.
1863 Birth of Curacao composer and conductor Johannes P Boskaljon.
1874 Birth of Czech baritone-tenor Rudolf BERGER in Brünn, Moravia. d-NYC, 27 FEB 1915. Originally a baritone he changed
to tenor after studying with Oscar Saenger in New York. m-English soprano Marie
Rappold (1873-1957). MET Opera Début 5 FEB 1914. [Siegmund]
Die Walküre, 2 seasons (1913-15) 24 perf. of 8 roles. Debut as Telramund in Lohengrin (Wagner) 1897. Teachers were Adolf Robinson, Oscar Saenger.
1879 Birth of French soprano Agnès BORGO. d-7 JAN 1958. m-Corsican tenor César Vezzani (1886-1951).
1888 Birth of English soprano Dame Maggie TEYTE in Wolverhampton. d-London, 26 MAY 1976. Debut as Zerlina in Don Giovanni (Mozart) 1907. Teacher was Jean De Reszke. Pupils were Michelle Bonhomme, Nancy Evans, Adele Leigh, Dorothy Dorow. Created Princess in Perfect Fool (Holst). Glycere in Circe (Hillemacher).
1894 Birth of American compóser Hans Ewald HILLER. Operas; "Satan" (1927); "Messalina" (1928); "Der Liebling von London" (1930).
1894 Birth of American composer and orchestrator Hans SPIALEK. d-1983.
1900 Birth of Swiss composer Eilly BURKHARD in Évilard-sur-Bienne,
Zurich. d-Zurich, 18 JUN 1955. Wrote only one opera, "Die Schwarze Spinne" (1948).
1903 Birth of Russian composer Nicolas NABOKOV near Minsk. Moved to USA in 1932. d-NYC, 6 APR 1978. aka Nikolai. Opera "The Holly Devil" (on the subject of Rasputin, Louisville KY, 1958: Rev: as "Der Tod des Grigorij Rasputin" Cologne (1959); "Love's Labour's Lost" (Brussels, 1973).
1903 Birth of Russian cellist Gregor PIATIGORSKY in Ekaterinoslav. Former principal cellist of the Berlin Philharmonic. Taught at
Curtis, 1942-51. Prf. at USC-LA, 1962-76.
d-L.A. 6 AUG 1976.
1925 Birth of German bass-baritone Wolfgang ZIMMERMANN in Stuttgart.
Teachers were Richard Zimmermann (father), Inna von Grinfeldt, Anna Bahr-Mildenburg. Debut as Basilio in Barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini) 1947. Sang in premiere of Glucksfischer (Lothar).
1925 Birth of English contralto Pamela BOWDEN in Rochdale. d-8 APR 2003. A popular singer who went on to become a distinguished teacher and administrator. Teachers were Norman Allin, Roy Henderson, Leslie Langford.
1927 Birth of Italian soprano Graziella SCIUTTI in Turin. d-Geneva, 9 APR 2001 of cancer. Studied in Rome. Début: Aix-
en-Provence Menotti's The Telephone (1951); Glyndebourne Festival
(1954-59): CG (1956). She was a guest at the Salzburger Festspiele,
Edinburgh Festival, Holland Festival, Vienna State Opera, and the
Teatro alla Scala, Milan. She became opera director with Poulenc's La voix humaine, Glyndebourne (1977). At the re-opening of the Stadttheater, Koblenz, Germany, she directed Mozart's Die Zauberflöte (1985).
1931 Birth of French tenor Michel CADIOU in Paris. Debut as Vincent in Mireille (Gounod). Teachers were Roger Bourdin, Jean Claverie.
1935 (1940?)Birth of German soprano Anja SILJA in Berlin. Debut as Rosina in Barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini). Teacher was Egon van Rijn (grandfather). Created Luisa Miller in Kabale und Liebe (Von Einem). Colbert Artist bio-Anja SILJA. MET Opera Début 26 FEB 1972 [Leonora] Fidelio, 3 seasons (1971-72, 79-80, 92-93) 16
perf., 4 works.
1936 Birth of tenor Paul CROOK in Blackburn. Debut as Spoletta in Tosca (Puccini) 1969. Teachers were E. Herbert Caesari, Herbert Graf, Lotfi Mansouri.
1940 Birth of German tenor and bassoonist Siegfried JERUSALEM in Oberhausen. MET Opera Début 10 JAN 1980 [Lohengrin] Lohengrin, 8 seasons (1979-80, 87-92, 93-94, 96-97) 51 perf., 7 works. Debut as Prisoner in Fidelio (Beethoven) 1975. Teacher was Hertha Kalcher.
2000 Death of mezzo-soprano Paula Lindberg. b-Frankenthal, 21 DEC 1897. Debut as Erda in Ring (Wagner). Teachers were Julius von Rattz-Brockmann, August Perron. Pupils were Rotraud Hansmann, Marjon Lambriks. Competition.
2002 Death of Canadian composer and conductor Srul Irving Glick at age 67, in Toronto. b-1934.