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APRIL 27

  • 1622 Birth of English tenor Edward COLEMAN in London. d-29 AUG 1669. Debut as Alphonse in Premiere of Siege of Rhodes (Lawes / Locke) 1656
  • 1623 Birth of German composer Jan Adams REINKEN. d-24 NOV 1722.
  • 1673 FP of Buxtehude's Evening Music concerts at Lubeck.
  • 1673 FP of Lully's opera Cadmus et Hermione at the Paris Opera.
  • 1720 FP of Handel's opera Radamisto dedicated to the King, receives an ovation at the King's Theater in the Haymarket, London.
  • 1736 Performance of Handel's anthem Sing Unto God at the wedding of the Price of Wales to Princess Augusta Saxe-Gotha.
  • 1749 FP of Handel's Music for the Royal Fireworks in London's Green Park. Fireworks fizzel burn roof of palace. Everyone enjoys the music.
  • 1762 FP of Hasse's "Il trionfo di Clelia " Vienna.
  • 1765 FP of T. Arne's "L'olimpiade" London.
  • 1767 Birth of composer German violinist and composer Andreas Jacob ROMBERG. d- 10 NOV 1821.
  • 1770 FP of Sacchini's "L'Eroe cinese" Munich.
  • 1778 FP of Gretry's "Les Trois Ages de l'opéra" prologue.
  • 1795 FP of Dalayrac's "Adèle et Dorsan" Paris.
  • 1803 FP of Fomin's "Zolotoye yabloko" St Petersburg.
  • 1811 FP of Moscheles' "Die Feuerprobe" singspiel, Vienna.
  • 1812 Birth of German composer Friedrich Von FLOTOW in Teutendorf. d-24 JAN 1883. Operas by Flotow.
  • 1820 FP of Hellwig's "Die Bergknappen" Dresden.
  • 1824 FP of Auber & Boïeldieu's "Les trois genres" Paris.
  • 1829 FP of Herold's "La Belle au bois dormant" Paris.
  • 1830 Birth of soprano Caroline BARBOT. d-c.1875. Created Leonora in Forza del Destino (Verdi).
  • 1861 Death of Russian composer Georgi Lvovitch Catoire. b-21 MAY 1926.
  • 1864 Birth of French tenor Julien LEPRESTE in Paris. d-1909. Debut as Faust in Faust (Gounod) 1890. Teacher was Bussine. Sang in FP of Chevalier D'Harmental (Messager).
  • 1867 FP of Gounod's opera Romeo and Juliet at the Théatre-Lyrique in Paris. Caroline Carvalho-Miolan (s) (1827-1895) Fr.
  • 1867 FP of Suppe's "Banditenstreiche" Vienna.
  • 1868 Birth of German tenor Hans BREUER in Cologne. d-Vienna, 11 OCT 1929. MET Opera Début 6 JAN 1900 [Steersman] Der Fliegende Holländer, 1 season (1899-1900) 19 perf. 9 roles, 8 works. Debut in Lohengrin (Wagner) 1894. Teachers were August Iffert, Benno Stotzenberg, Julius Kniese, Cosima Wagner.
  • 1871 Birth of American composer Arthur Finlay NEVIN. d-1943.
  • 1871 Death of German composer and piano virtuoso Sigismond Thalberg at age 59, in Posillipo, Italy. b-8 JAN 1812.
  • 1874 Death of Italian tenor Pietro Mongini. b-Rome, 29 OCT 1828. Debut 1851. Created Radames in Aida (Verdi).
  • 1877 FP of Massenet's Le Roi De Lahore in Paris.
  • 1878 FP of Cellier's "Bella Donna or The Little Beauty and the Great Beast" Manchester.
  • 1891 Russian composer Peter Tchaikovsky prepares for the opening concert at New York's newly-constructed concert hall on 57th Street on 5 MAY. Future home of Carnegie Hall.
  • 1892 Birth of German soprano Delia REINHARDT in Elberfeld, Germany. d.-Dornoch, Switzerland, 3 OCT 1974. MET Opera Début, 27 JAN 1923 [Sieglinde] Die Walküre, 2 seasons (1922-24) 17 perf., 8 roles. Debut as Friedensbote in Rienzi (Wagner) 1913. Teachers were Hedwig Schako, Maurice Strakosch.
  • 1893 FP of Rachmaninof's "Aleko" Moscow.
  • 1894 Birth of Russian-American musicologist, composer and conductor Nicolas SLONIMSKY in St. Petersburg. Editor of The Portable Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. d-LA,CA 25 DEC 1995.
  • 1904 Birth of French bass-baritone Pierre NOUGARO. d-26 OCT 1988.
  • 1907 FP of Igor Stravinsky's Symphony in Eb, at an intimate performance in St. Petersburg.
  • 1907 FP of Donaudy's "Sperduti nel buio" Palermo.
  • 1901 FP of Sullivan & German's "The emerald Isle" completed by E. German, London.
  • 1913 Birth of German tenor Kurt MARSCHNER in Sudetenland. d-25 SEP 1984. Debut 1938. Created Timothy in Help Help the Globolinks (Menotti). Sang in premiere of Incidents at Emergency Landing (Blacher). Grune Kakadu (Mohaupt).
  • 1915 Death of Russian composer Alexander Scriabin in Moscow of blood poisoning at age 43. b-6 JAN 1872.
  • 1916 FP of Leoncavallo's "Goffredo Mameli" Genoa. Carmelo Alabiso (t) (1886-1966) It. & Eugenia Burzio (s) (1872-1922) It.
  • 1920 Birth of Italian conductor Guido CANTELLI. d-Orly, Paris in air crash, 24 NOV 1956, after appointment as musical director of La Scala in Milan. Protégée of Toscanini. Refused to support the Fascist regime and was sent to the Nazi Stettin labor camp (1943-44). He escaped, was captured, and sentenced to death, but was saved by the liberation of his homeland.
  • 1920 Birth of American mezzo-soprano Nan MERRIMAN in Pittsburgh, PA.
  • 1925 (26?)Birth of Austrian soprano Wilma LIPP in Vienna. Debut as Rosina in Barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini) 1942. Teachers were Toti Dal Monte, Paola Novikova, Friedel Sindel, Alfred Jerger.
  • 1926 FP of William Walton's Facade with Dame Edith Sitwell's poems, in London.
  • 1927 FP of Wienberger's light opera Schwanda, the Bagpiper at the National Theater in Prague.
  • 1928 FP of Stravinksy's Apollon musagete choreographed by Adolf Bohm, at the Elizabeth Sprague Cooledge Festival in Washington, D. C.
  • 1931 Birth of Russian violinist Igor OISTRAKH, son of David. m-pianist Natalia Zertsalova.
  • 1931 FP of Weinberger's "Švanda dudák Stimme" (Schwanda the Bagpiper) Munich.
  • 1935 Birth of Auistrian soprano Wilma LIPP in Vienna.
  • 1937 Birth of German tenor Adalbert KRAUS in Aschaffenburg. Teacher was Frau H Klink-Schneider.
  • 1937 Death of German baritone Gustav Schützendorf in Berlin. b-Cologne, 1883. MET Opera Début 17 NOV 1922 [Faninal] Der Rosenkavalier, 13 seasons (1922-35) 414 perf., 39 roles, 30 works. Debut as Don Giovanni 1905. Sang in FP of Compagnacci (Ricitelli).
  • 1937 FP of Stravinsky's 'ballet in three deals' aka The Card Party. Jue de Cartes at The MET in NYC by the American Ballet, Stravinsky conducting.
  • 1939 Birth of Scottish pianist Hamish MILNE.
  • 1940 Birth of American soprano Judith BLEGEN in Lexington, Kentucky (according to Baker’s) or Missoula, Montana (according to Xrefer). Debut as Olympia in Tales of Hoffman 1965. Teachers were Euphemia Giannini-Gregory, Luigi Ricci, Martial Singher. Sang in FP of Madre (Hollingsworth). MET Opera Début 19 JAN 1970 [Papagena] Die Zauberflöte, 21 seasons (1969- 89, 1990-91) 284 perf. 21 roles.
  • 1940 Birth of American composer Larry SOLOMON in New Kensington, PA.
  • 1940 Birth of Australian bass-baritone Tom McDONNELL in Melbourne. Debut as Belcore in L'Elisir d'Amore (Donizetti) 1965. Teacher was Lennox Brewer. Created King Arthur in Lancelot (Hamilton). Yuri in Ice Break (Tippett). Ram in Yan Tan Tethera (Birtwistle). Atahuallpa in Royal Hunt of the Sun (Hamilton). September in Story of Vasco (Crosse). Heima in Actor's Revenge (Miki). Aristaeous the Man in Mask of Orpheus (Birtwistle). Sang in Premiere of Hell's Angels (Osborne). We came to the river (Henze).
  • 1943 Birth of American composer Jon DEAK in Hammond, IN.
  • 1943 Birth of American tenor James ATHERTON in Montgomery, AL. d-St. Louis, 20 NOV 1987. Studied at the Peabody Conservatory, in Baltimore, later serving on the faculties there. Goucher College, Towson State University, and Dickinson College. Debut with the San Francisco Opera [Goro] Madama Butterfly (1971). 1977, Atherton turned to directing opera. Sang at Santa Fe, and Glyndebourne. MET Opera Début 17 OCT 1977, [Simpleton] Boris Godunov, 9-seasons (1977-86) 284-perf. of 22-roles in 18- works. Teachers were Rosa Ponselle, Martial Singher.
  • 1944 Death of Russian tenor Dmitri Smirnov. b-Moscow, 19 NOV 1882. Debut as Gigi in Camorra (Esposito) 1904. Teachers were Emiliya Pavlovskaya, A. M. Dodonov, Khrhizhonovsky.
  • 1945 Birth of American mezzo-soprano Carolyne JAMES in Wheatland, WY. Teachers were Daniel Ferro, Margaret Harshaw, Michael Trimble. Created Mrs Greenborough in Capt Jinks of the Horse Marines(Beeson). Mrs Cratchit in Christmas Carol (Musgrave). Mrs. Doe in Quiet Place (Bernstein)
  • 1949 Birth of American electronic music composer Peter GENA.
  • 1950 Birth of German pianist Christian ZACHARIAS.
  • 1952 FP of Frazzi's "Don Quixote" Florence.
  • 1953 Birth of Hungarian soprano Ilona TOKODY in Szeged.
  • 1954 Death of Sedish tenor Torsten Ralf. b-Malmo, Sweden 2 JAN 1901. Debut as Cavaradossi in Tosca (Puccini) 1924. Teachers were Hertha Dehmlow, John Forsell, Hjaldis Ingebjart. Sang in premiere of Zauberinsel (Sutermeister).
  • 1957 Debut of tenor Jon Vickers in London at Covent Garden. [Gustavus III] Un ballo in Maschera.
  • 1970 Death of German mezzo-soprano Luise Willer. b-Munich, 1888. Debut as Annius in Clemenza di Tito (Mozart) 1910. Teacher was Maria Hepner. Pupils were Anni Frind, Hanna Ludwig, Sieglinde Wagner. Sang in premiere of Himmelsklied (Wolf-Ferrari). Violante (Korngold). Das Herz (Pfitzner).
  • 1987 FP of Daniel Pinkham's Sonata No. 3 for Organ and Strings, by organist Richard Benefield, with a string quartet conducted by the composer at St. Peter's Church in Osterville, MA.
  • 1992 FP of George Tsontakis' Perpertual Angelus, second of Four Symphonic Quartets after poems by T.S. Eliot. Tuscaloosa Symphony, Ransom Wilson conducting.
  • 1999 Death of of Hungarian born Swiss soprano Maria STADER. b-Budapest, 5 NOV 1911. Teachers were Mathilde Baerbacher-Keller, Therese Behr-Schnabel, Ilona Durigo, Hans Keller, Vincenzo Lombardi, Giannina Arangi-Lombardi.
  • 2003 FP of Michael Nyman's A Child's View of Color. Young People's Chorus, Nunuz, 92nd Street YMCA, NYC.
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