1763 Birth of English soprano Anna Maria CROUCH in London. d-2 OCT 1805. Debut as Mandane in Artaxerxes (Arne) 1780. Created Lady Elinor de Courcy in Haunted Tower (Storace). Catherine in Siege of Belgrade (Storace). Lodoiska in Lodoiska (Storace). Aeneas in Dido of Carthage (Storace).
1869 Death of German composer Karl Loewe at age 72, in Kiel.
1870 Birth of composer Simeon Roncal.
1881 Birth of Russian composer and professor Nikolai MIASKOVSKY in
Novogeorgievsk, Poland. 19 Symphonies. Taught Rimsky-Korsakov. d-8 AUG
1950. Opus list.
1881 Birth of Dutch conductor and pianist Sem DRESDEN in
Amsterdam. d-The Hague, 30 JUL 1957.
1884 Birth of American pianist Ruth DEYO in Poughkeepsie, NY. d-Cairo, 4 MAR 1960.
1887 Birth of Italian bass Virgilio LAZZARI in Assisi, Italy. d-4 OCT 1953. Debut as Alvise in Gioconda (Ponchielli) 1914. Teacher was Antonio Cotogni. Pupil was Cornell McNeill. MET Opera Debut 28 DEC 1933 [Pedro] L'Africaine, 14 seasons (1933-40, 43-47, 48-51) 226 perf., 19 works.
1900 Birth of composer Fred Raymond.
1902 Birth of composer Vesselin Stoyanov.
1903 Birth of German baritone Josef HERRMANN in Darmstadt. d-19 NOV 1955. Debut 1925. Teacher was Carl Beines. Sang in premiere of Zauberinsel (Sutermeister).
1904 Birth of Ukrainian tenor Georgi NELEPP in Bobruiky, Ukraine. d-18 JUN 1957. Debut 1930. Teacher was I. S. Tomar.
1918 Death of tenor Alexander Girardi. b-Graz, 5 DEC 1850. Created Kalman Zsupan in Zigeunerbaron (Strauss J). Simon Rymonovicz in Bettelstudent (Millocker). Benozzo in Gasparone (Millocker). Don Sancho in Spitzentuch der Koenigen (Strauss J). Sebastini in Lustige Kreig (Strauss J). Kassim Pasha in Furstin Ninetta (Strauss J). Muller in Waldmeister (Strauss J). Andredl in Verwunsche Schloss (Millocker). Plinchard in Jungfrau von Belleville (Millocker). Piffkow in Feldprediger (Millocker). Adam in Vogelhandler (Zeller). Martin in Obersteiger (Zeller). Sang in premiere of Wiener Frauch (Lehar). Bruder Straubinger (Eysler). Mein Junger Herr (Straus O). Zigeunerprimas (Kalman). Nachtschnellzug (Fall).
1926 Death of American baritone Oscar Saenger. b-Brooklyn, NY 5 JAN 1868. Teachers were Jacques Bouhy. Pupils were Paul Althouse, Rudolf Berger, Curtis, Bernice de Pasquali, Mabel Garrison, Orville Harrold, Allen Hinckley, Kathleen Howard, Josephine Jacoby, Mary Jordan, Queena Mario, Leon Rains, Marie Rappold, Lila P. Robeson, Henry Scott Warrum, Joseph Regneas, Joseph Bernstein, Florence Hinkle, Riccardo Martin, Sara Anderson, Arnold Voketaitus.
1927 Birth of Italian baritone Enzo SORDELLO in Macerata. Debut as Enrico in Lucia di Lammermoor (Donizetti) 1953. MET Opera Début 3 NOV 1956 [Marcello] La Bohème, 1 season (1956-57) 10 perf. 3 roles.
1928 FP of Maurice Martenot's electronic musical instrument the The Ondes-Martenot (1928)ondes musicales, in Paris. According to Groves Concise and Musical Times archive... [addendum.]:"On 20 APR 1928 Dimitrios Levidis's Poème symphonique was premiered at the Paris
Opéra, The soloist was Maurice Martenot, performing for the first time in
public on an electronic device of his own invention." -LM 4-20-02
1934 Birth of French baritone Claude CALES in Villeneuve. Debut as Zurga in Pearl Fishers (Bizet) 1961. Teachers were Jean Clavarie, Marthe Nespoulous
Created Orpheus in Eurydice (Damase).
1941 Birth of Canadian tenor Paul FREY in Heidelberg, Ontario.
1943 Birth of English conductor Sir John Eliot GARDINER in Oxford, Fontmell Magna, Dorset. Founder of Monteverdi Choir, conducted at Sadler's Wells and Covent Garden. Artistic director of the Goettingen Handel Festival in Germany (1981-1990). Music director of the Opera de Lyon in France (1983-1988). Founded the English Baroque Soloists, featuring Mozart operas and other works; touring Europe and on recordings.
1945 Death of tenor Emil Olsovsky. b-Brno, 9 DEC 1890. Debut 1911. Created Filka Morozov in From House of the Dead (Janacek). Sang in premiere of Makropulos Affair (Janacek).
1950 Death of French tenor Paul Franz. b-Paris, 30 NOV 1876. Debut as Lohengrin in Lohengrin (Wagner) 1909. Teacher was Louis Delaquerriere. Pupils were Edouard Kriff, Georges Valliant. Created Ratan-Sen in Padmavati (Roussel). Antar in Antar (Dupont).
1959 Death of Canadian tenor Edward Johnson. b-Ontario, 22 AUG 1878. Debut as Andrea Chenier in Andrea Chenier (Gounod) 1912. Teachers were Vincenzo Lombardi, Louise von Feilitsch. Created Aethelwold in King's Henchman (Deems Taylor). Sir Gower Lackland in Merry Mount (Hanson). Peter Ibbetson in Peter Ibbetson (Deems Taylor). No relation to Edward L. Johnson.
1961 The Federal Communications Commission approval for FM stereo
broadcasting. Stimulating classical and easy-listening radio formats.
1967 Death of American soprano Anna Fitziu . b-Huntingdon West Virginia, 1887. Debut as Elsa in Lohengrin (Wagner) 1910. Teacher was William Thorner. Pupil was Shirley Verrett. Created Rosario in Goyescas (Granados). She sang first in Chicago in musical comedy, then traveled to France for study. Operatic début in Rimini [Elsa] Loherngrin (1912). Fitziu also sang as a guest at the Costanzi, Rome, Florence, Madrid, and others. She returned to the
U.S. in 1916. Sang [Rosario] in the FP of Granados's Goyescas at the Metropolitan. In 1917, Chicago in Tosca. She sang Tosca with Matinelli in Havana (1924), also sang [Desdemona]. In retirement she moved to Chicago
and became a successful vocal teacher. MET Opera Début, 28 JAN 1916.
[Rosario] Goyescas, 1 season (19 15-16) 7 perf, 1 work.
1967 Death of baritone David ALLEN.
1970 Death of Swedish mezzo-soprano Kerstin Thorborg. b-Venjan, 19 MAY 1896. Debut as Ortrud in Lohengrin 23 May 1924.
1976 Death of Canadian soprano Flora Nielsen. b-Esquimalt Vancouver, 28 AUG 1900. Debut 1910. Teachers were Felicie Kaschovska, Anna Thurfield, Elena Gerhardt. Pupils were Sheila Armstrong, Norma Burrowes, Lesley Garrett, Felicity Lott, Kathryn Harries.
1980 Death of Austrian soprano Hilde Konetzni . b-Vienna, 21 MAR 1905. Debut as Sieglinde in Walkure (Wagner) 1929. Teachers were Anny Konetzi (sister), Hess, Rudolf Nillius. Ludmilla Prochaska-Neumann. Created Niobe in Niobe (Sutermeister).
1982 Death of Austrian tenor Rudolf Christ. b-Vienna, 1916. Debut 1941. Teacher was Adolf Vogel.
1988 Death of baritone Frederick Sharp. b-Mansfield, 19 OCT 1911.
Debut as Junius in Rape of Lucretia (Britten) 1946. Pupils were John Brecknock, John Hall, Paul Wilson, Anthony James, John Broad. Created Sid in Albert Herring (Britten). Earl of Dunmow in Dinner Engagement (Berkeley).
Sang in premiere of Manana (Benjamin)