1772 Death of English baritone and painter Marcellus Laroon. b-London, 2 APR 1679. Sang in FP of Grove (Purcell D). Rival Queen (Purcell D). Macbeth (Leveridge).
1776 Birth of composer John George Schetky
1804 (GC, GC=20 MAY) Birth of Russian composer Mikhail Ivanovich GLINKA in Novospasskoye, Russia. d-Berlin, Germany 15 FEB 1857. Called the father
of Russian music. Opera, "A Life for the Tsar" (St. Petersburg,
1836); "Ruslan and Ludmila" (St. Petersburg, 1841); sketches for 3
unfinished operas. Search for Mikhail Ivanovich GLINKA
1813 FP of Meyerbeer's "Wirth und Gast, oder Aus Scherz Ernst" Stuttgart.
1881 Birth of Hungarian mezzo-soprano Margaret MATZENAUER in Temesvár. d-Van Nuys, CA, 19 MAY 1963. MET Opera Début 13 NOV 1911 [Amneris] Aida, 19 seasons (1911-30) 380 perf. 35 roles, 29
works. m-Edoardo Ferrari-Fontana, 8 JUL 1891. Debut as Puck in Oberon (Weber) 15 Sep 1901. Teachers were Franz Emmerich, Antonie Mielke, Ernest Preuse, Georgine van Januschowsky. Pupils were Blanche Thebom, Nell Tangeman. Created Margarita in Quattro Rusteghi (Wolf-Ferrari). Eros in Eros und Psyche (Zenge). Sang in premiere of Sancho (Jacques-Dalcoze). Musenfranz (Kossler). Vaterunser (Rohr).
1885 Birth of Polish baritone Eugeniusz MOSSAKOWSKI in Lodz. d-Warsaw, 13 JUN 1958. Debut 1921. Teacher was Waclaw Brzezinski. Created King Roger in King Roger (Szymanowski).
1886 Birth of Norwegian tenor Gunnar GRAARUD in Oslo. d-9 DEC 1960. Debut 1919. Teachers were Fred Husler, Konrad von Zawilowski. Sang in FP of Campana Sommersa (Respighi).
1889 Birth of Swedish mezzo-soprano Sigrid ONEGIN aka Elisabeth Elfriede Sigrid Hoffmann, Lilly
Hoffmann, in Stockholm. d-Magliaso, Switzerland, 16 JUN 1943. German father and a French mother. She studied in Munich, Milan, Frankfurt. m-
Russian composer and pianist Eugen B. Onegin. Her début was as a
concert singer under the name Lilly Hoffmann (1911). Opera début
Stuttgart [Carmen]. London début (1913), under
name Lilly Hoffmann-Onégin, Munich (1919-22). In America
for a series of twenty concerts (1922); Covent Garden [Amneris] (1927);
Salzbutg Gluck's [Orfeo] (1931); Berlin (1926-33); Bayreuth (1933-4)
début [Fricka] Das Rheingold. She recorded for Polydor, Brunswick, HMV and Victor. In
1931, Onegin settled in Switzerland. MET Opera Début 22 NOV 1922 [Amneris] Aida, 2 seasons
(1922-24) 22 perf. 5 roles, 3 works. Debut as Carmen in Carmen (Bizet) 1912. Teachers were Louis Bachner, Di Ranieri, Jakobi, Lilli Lehmann, Eugen B. Onegin, Luise Resz, Margarethe Siems, Eugen Robert Weiss.
1906 Birth of Russian opera and film composer Andrei BALANCHIVADZE in St. Petersburg. d. ? Son of composer Meliton Balanchivadze. Brother of George Balanchine. Opera, "Mzia" (Tibilisi, 1950); "Zolotaya svad'ba"
1906 Birth of English recording executive Walter LEGGE in London. d-St. Jean, Cap Ferrat, 22 MAR 1979. A promoter of high-grade recordings of classical music with the Gramophone Co. of London. m-soprano Elisabeth Schwarzkopf in 1953.
1909 Death of Italian composer Giuseppe Martucci at age 53, in Naples. b-Capua, Italy 6 JAN 1856.
1910 Birth of Welch baritone Roderick JONES in Ferndale, S. Wales. d-16 SEP 1992. Debut 1945. Created Balstrode in Peter Grimes (Britten). Sir John Falstaff in Sir John in Love (Vaughan Williams). Assistant Master in Sleeping Children (Easdale).
1916 FP of Houseley's Cantata "Omar Khayyán" Denver.
1917 Birth of Czech baritone Premysl KOCI in Rychvald. d-16 JAN 2003.
Teachers were J. Soupal, Rudolf Vasek. Pupils were Marta Bohacova, Marie Vesela, Eva Zikmundova, Libuse Marova. Created Prometheus in Torch of Prometheus (Hanus). Sang in FP of Kraluv Mincmistr (Vostrak).
1923 FP of Roussell's "Padmâvatî" opera-ballet, Paris.
1924 Birth of mezzo-soprano Laura SARTI in Trieste. Teachers were Emmy Heim, Lucie Manen. Pupils were Brian Bannatyne-Scott, Alasdair Elliott, George Mosley, Anne Marie Owens, Christopher Robson, Rebecca de Pont Davies.
1924 Birth of English music administrator Sir John TOOLEY. The general director of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, 1980-88.
1945 Birth of American mezzo-soprano Frederica Von STADE in Sommerville, NJ. MET Opera Début 10 JAN 1970 [Genie] Die Zauberflöte, (as of 2000) 16
seasons (1970-2000) 287 perf. 28 works. Debut as 3rd Boy as Zauberflote (Mozart) 10 JAN 1970. Teachers were Paul Berl, Sebastian Engelberg, Otto Guth
Created Tina in Aspern Papers(Argento). Marquise in Dangerous Liaisons (Susa). Nina in Seagull (Pasatieri). Joseph's Mother in Dead Man Walking (Heggie).
1946 Death of opera concert singer Leo Slezak at Egern-am Tegernsee, Germany, at the age of 72. b-Schonberg, Moravia, 18 AUG 1873. Debut as Lohengrin in Lohengrin (Wagner). Teachers were Jean de Reszke, Adolf Robinson. Son, actor Walter Slezak, published his father's letters in 1966. Walter Slezak was a medical
student before settling into the comfortable position of bank clerk then actor.
1961 FM multiplex stereo broadcasting was tested for the first time in Schenectady, NY, Los Angeles and
Chicago. Developed FCC standards for FM-stereo compatible transmission which began in 1962.
1965 Death of Italian tenor Manfredo Polverosi in Rome. b-Florence, 9 AUG 1882. Debut as Gennaro in Lucrezia Borgia (Donizetti) 1903. Teacher was Elisa Brambilla. Pupils were Renato Gigli, Fiorella Carmen Forti, Orietta Moscucci, Guido Mazzini, Miklos Bencze, Guido Mancini.
1966 Debut of Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti at Covent Garden in London. Donizetti: [Tonio] "La Fille
du régiment" (1966). It was where he was first dubbed the "King of the
1991 FP of Peter Maxwell Davies' Ojai Festival Overture. Scottish Chamber Orchestra, with the composer conducting in the Ojai Valley north of Los Angeles, CA.
1994 Death of soprano and teacher Jeannette Walters. b-1942.
2000 Death of baritone Oscar Czerwenka. b-Linz, 5 JUL 1924. Debut as Hermit in Freischutz (Weber) 1947. Teachers were Otto Iro, Wilhelm Felden
Created Jacobwsky in Jacobowsky und der Oberst (Klebe). Veitlinger in Werbeklied (Salmhofer). Examining Judge / Thrasher in Prozess (Von Einem)
Sang in FP of Irische Legend (Egk).