1819 Birth of Jules-Bernard BELVAL in La Fere Aisne. d-13 SEP 1876. Debut 1846. Created Don Pedro in Africaine (Meyerbeer). Claudius in Hamlet (Thomas). Solomon in Reine di Saba (Gounod). Gargantua in Pantaguel (Labarre). Count of Poitoa in Magicienne (Halevy). Turpin in Rolade a Roncevaux (Mermet).
1857 Birth of English composer and conductor Sir Edward William ELGAR in Broadheath. Enigma Variations; oratorio The Dream of Gerontius. d-Worcester, England 23 FEB 1934. Opera, "The Spanish Lady" unfinished (1878), copious fragments
survive and were given in a performing version by Percy Young at
1883 Death of German mezzo-soprano Hedwig Reicher-Kindermann. b-Munish, 15 JUN 1853. Debut 1870. Teacher was August Kindermann (father).
1883 Birth of German bass Ludwig ERMOLD in Offenbach. d-15 DEC 1949. Debut as Baculus in Wildschutz (Lortzing) 1905. Created Morbio in Schweigsame Frau (Strauss).
1884 Birth of Finnish soprano Hanna GRANFELT in Sakkola. d-Helsinki 3 NOV 1952. Debut 1909. Teacher was Edmond Duvernoy.
1886 Birth of German bass Karl BRAUN in Meisenheim. d-Brussels, 6 JAN 1960 (? 24 APR 1960). At 18 Braun became an apprentice at the Berlin Imperial Opera.
Début: [Hermit] Freischutz (Weber) 1904 His career began in 1906;
five years later he moved to Vienna for a season, and then spent two
years with the Berlin City Opera. In 1906 he sang at Bayreuth.
When WW I came, he was banished from the Met but returned in 1929.
He sang at Covent Garden. After 1933 he was a stage director, and finally as a concert agent. MET Opera Début 8 FEB 1913 [Marke] Tristan und Isolde, 5 seasons
(1912-17) 163 perf., 15 roles, 13 works. Debut 1906. Teachers were Hermann Gausche, Eugen Robert Weiss.
1887 Birth of American choral conductor and composer Hall Francis JOHNSON in Athens, GA. d-NYC, 30 APR 1970.
1888 Birth of Russian soprano Ellena KATULSKAYA in Odessa. d-19 NOV 1966. Debut as Lakme in Lakme (Delibes) 1909. Teachers were Natalia Iretskaya, Ippolit Pryanishnikov. Pupils were Alexei Maslennikov, Tamara Milashkina.
1915 Birth of American composer and teacher Robert PALMER.
1915 Birth of German baritone Josef METTERNICH nr. Cologne. MET Opera Début 21 NOV 1953 [Carlo] La Forza del Destino, 3 seasons (1953-56) 23
perf., 8 works. Debut in Lohengrin (Wagner) 1941. Teacher was Paul Neuhaus. Pupils were Jan Blinkhof, Eberhard Katz, Willem Laakman, Sophie Larson, Lou Ann Wyckoff, Klaus Wallprecht, Mattheis Holle. Created Johannes Kepler in Harmonie der Welt (Hindemith). Spirit of Earth in Don Juan de Manera (Tomasi).
1949 Birth of American tenor Neil SHICOFF in Brooklyn, NY. MET Opera Début 15 OCT 1976 [Rinuccio] Gianni Schicchi, thru 2000, 14
seasons (76-80, 82-90, 96-97, 99-2000) 166 perf., 16 works. Debut as Rinuccio in Gianni Schicci (Puccini) 15 OCT 1976. Teachers were Rubini Reichlin, Jennie Tourel, Franco Corelli.