1779 Birth of Irish singer, poet and composer Thomas MOORE in Dublin. d-Wilts, 25 FEB 1852.
1780 Birth of composer Joseph Frohlich
1787 Death of German composer Leopold Mozart, Wolfgang's father, at age 67, in Salzburg. b-Augsburg, 14 NOV 1719.
1797 Death of German tenor Anton Raaff. b-Gelsdorf, 6 MAY 1714. Debut 1736. Teachers were Antonio Mario Bernacchi, Ferrandini. Pupil was Ludwig Fischer, Franz Christian Hartig. Created Idomeneo in Idomeneo (Mozart). Cato in Catone in Utica (Piccinni). Temistocle in Temistocle (Bach J C). Lucio Silla in Lucio Silla (Bach J C). Gunther in Gunther von Schwarzburg (Holzbauer). Amasi in Nitteti (Conforto).
1866 FP of Flotow's "Zilda, ou La Nuit des dupes" Paris.
1855 Birth of American music patron Edward J. de COPPET, who founded the Flonzaley Quartet (named for his Geneva summer home).
1871 FP of Dvorák's "Kraál a uhlír" 1st version (1871) Prague, 1929; 2nd version (1874) Nov. 24, 1874; rev. Prague, 6/15/1887. [Associate Bill Fodaor add: Based on all the references I could find about the performance history of this opera, if there was a FP in 1872, it had to have been only the overture of Dvorak’s original version, as Smetana returned the entire opera to Dvorak as “impossible to stage.” From 1873–74, Dvorak rewrote the score in its entirety, which revised opera had its premiere in 1874. He later revised that score in 1887. The opera, with its original score, apparently wasn’t produced until 1929.]
1875 Birth of American band music composer Fred JEWELL in Worthington, IN. d-Worthington, 11 FEB 1936. Composed over 170 works for band. He led the Barnum & Bailey Circus Band and ran a band music publishing house.
1876 Death of bass Wilhelm Detmer. b-Breinum, 29 JUN 1808. Debut in Unterbrochene Opferfest (Winter) 1834. Teacher was Ludwig Spohr. Created Stefano Colonna in Rienzi (Wagner). Tannhauser in Tannhauser (Wagner).
1877 Birth of Italian tenor Alberto CAFFO in Bassano. d-Milan, 1 JUN 1931.
1878 Birth of Canadian soprano Marie Louise EDVINA aka Martin and Lucienne Juliette in Vancouver. d-London, 13 NOV 1948. Debut as Marguerite in Faust (Gounod) 15 Jul 1908. Teacher was Jean de Reszke. Search Marie Louise EDVINA
1904 Birth of Hungarian baritone Alexander SVED in Budapest. d-9 JUN 1979. Debut as Di Luna in Trovatore (Verdi). Teachers were Mario Sammarco, Riccardo Stracciari, Bela Szabados. Pupil was Bela Adolbert. First studied violin at the conservatory of Budapest. Sang in Berlin and Milan. Début: Budapest [Count di Luna] Il Trovatore (1928). He made his first appearance at the Vienna Staatsoper in (1936), and continued to sing there until (1939). He also sang at Covent Garden (1936); Salzburg Festivals (1936-38). In 1938, he appeared at La Scala, Macbeth. He returned to Hungary and rejoined the Budapest opera (1950). MET Opera Début 24 DEC 1940 [Renato] Un Ballo in Maschera, 8 seasons (1940- 46, 47-48, 49-50) 85 perf., 12 roles.
1904 Birth of composer Shalva Mikhaylovich Mshvelidze
1906 FP of Cui's "Snezhnïy bogatïr" Yalta.
1909 Birth of Austrian-American conductor Thomas MARTIN in Vienna d-NYC, 1984. Staff conductor and chorus master for over forty years with both the Metropolitan Opera and the NYCO. He and his Wife Ruth, were noted for their English translations of opera libreti.
1916 Birth of Italian conductor Nicola RESCIGNO in NYC. Studied in Rome. Co-founder and artistic dir. of the Chicago Lyric Opera, (1954-6); Dallas Opera (1957-92). MET Opera Début 7 DEC 1978, Don Pasquale, 4 seasons (1978-82) 63 perf., 4 works.
1923 Birth of Hungarian composer Gyorgy LIGETI in Dicsöszentmartin, Transylvania. The prestigious Polar Music Prize was presented Monday, 24 May 2004, to Ligeti for his innovations in classical music, he was too ill to attend the ceremony. Search for Gyorgy LIGETI
1925 Birth of German baritone and conductor Dietrich FISCHER-DIESKAU in Zehlendorf. Debut as Posa in Don Carlos (Verdi) 1948. Teachers were Georg Walter, Hermann Weissenborn. Pupils were Rene Hass, Hans-Gunter Dotzauer, Stephan Genz. Created Gregor Mittenhoffer in Elegy for Young Lovers (Henze). Lear in Lear (Reimann). Search Dietrich FISCHER-DIESKAU d-18 MAY 2012.
1934 FP of Rabaud's "Rolande et le mauvais garçon" Paris.
1935 Birth of Australian composer Derek STRAHAN in Penang, Malaysia.
1935 Birth of English bass Richard VAN ALLEN in Chipston. MET Opera Début 22 SEP 1987 [Count des Grieux] Manon, 3-seasons, 32-perf. & concerts, 4-roles. Debut as Second Armed Man in Zauberflote (Mozart) 1966. Teachers were Jani Strasser, Mario Condone, David Franklin. Created Lord Francis Jowler in Rising of the Moon (Maw). Tireias in Bakxai (Buller). Abbot in Inquest of Love (Harvey). Man without a Conscience in Terrible Mouth (Osborne). Sang in FP of Therese (Taverner).
1938 Birth of Swedish baritone Ekkehard WLASCHIHA in Lulea. MET Opera Début 25 FEB 1988 [Alberich] Siegfried, 9 seasons (1987-94, 96-97, 99- 00) thru 2000, 66 perf., 6 works. Debut as Don Fernando in Fidelio (Beethoven). Teacher was Helen Jung.
1951 Death of American soprano Queena Mario. b-Akron, Oh 21 AUG 1896. Debut as Olympia in Contes D'Hoffmann (Offenbach) 1918. Teachers were Oscar Saenger, Marcella Sembrich. Pupils were Rose Bampton, Francis Bible, Helen Jepson, Lucy Monroe, William McGrath.
1954 Birth of Russian pianist Yuri EGOROV. d- 1988. Won Third Prize in 1974 Moscow Tchaikovsky Competition.
1964 Death of English choral director and administrator John Finley Williamson, Westminster Choir Director, age 76.
1966 Death of German bass Robert von der Linde. b-27 OCT 1884. Debut 1910. Teacher was Dielke. Pupil was Rudolf Schock. Created Jim in Maschinist Hopkins (Brand).