• 1604 Death of Italian organist, composer and publisher Claudio Merulo at age 71, in Parma. d-Correggio, 8 APR 1533.
  • 1611 Birth of composer Carlo Rainaldi, composer
  • 1665 Birth of Italian harpsichord craftsman Bartolomeo CRISTOFORI in Padua. Inventor of the first practical pianoforte. His first model is displayed at the NYC Metropolitan Museum of Art. d-1731.
  • 1738 Birth of composer Josef Kohaut
  • 1744 Birth of Austrian-Spanish singer, pianist and composer Marianne MARTINEZ in Vienna. aka Anna Katharina von Martínez. Studied composition with Haydn. Mozart attended her musical gatherings. d-Venice, 13 DEC 1812.
  • 1774 FP of Jommelli's "Ciro riconosciuto" Bologna.
  • 1763 Birth of composer Franz Stanislaus Spindler
  • 1769 Birth of composer Charles Hague
  • 1777 Birth of composer Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens
  • 1778 FP of Sacchini's "L'Amore soldato" London.
  • 1795 FP of F. J. Haydn's Symphony No. 104, conducted by Haydn, at the King's Theater in London.
  • 1802 FP of Catel's "Sémiramis" Paris.
  • 1819 FP of Catel's "L'Officier enlevé" Paris.
  • 1830 Birth of English impresario J. H. "Colonel" MAPLESON in London.
  • 1833 FP of Barnet's "The Soldier' s Widow, or The Ruins of the Mill" London.
  • 1835 Birth of composer Edmund Hart Turpin
  • 1855 Birth of composer Ludwig SCHLöGEL.
  • 1860 Birth of Austrian composer Emil Nikolaus Von REZNICEK in Vienna. d-Berlin, 2 AUG 1945. Operas, "Die Jungfrau von rleans" (Prague, 1887); "Satanella" (Prague, 1888); "Emmerich Fortunat" (Prague, 1889); "Donna Diana" (Prague, 1894); "Till Eulenspiegel" (Karlsruhe, 1902); "Eros und Psyche" (Breslau, 1917); "Ritter Blaubart" (Dramstadt, 1920); "Holofernes" (Berlin, 1923); "Tanzsymphonie" (Leipzig, 1927); "Satuala" (Leipzig, 1927); "Spiel oder Ernst" (Dresden, 1930); "Der Gondoliere des dogen" (Stuttgart, 1931); "Das Opfer" (1932); "Tenor und Bass" (1934); Operetta: "Die Angst vor der Ehe" (Frankfurt, 1914). Photo.
  • 1867 Birth of composer Dynam-Victor Fumer
  • 1883 Birth of Russian conductor Nikolai MALKO. d-Sydney, 1961. Director of Sydney Symphony Orchestra. BIO.
  • 1884 FP of Nessler's "Der Trompeter von Säkkingen" Leipzig.
  • 1886 The gramophone, the first practical phonograph, was patented.
  • 1888 Premiere of Faure's Requiem.
  • 1891 Birth of American composer Frederick JACOBI in San Francisco. d-NYC, 24 OCT 1952. Opera, "The Prodigal Son" (1940). assistant conductor at the Metropolitan (1913-17).
  • 1893 (´95?) FP of Antonin Dvorák's cantata The American Flag Op. 102, in NYC.
  • 1895 FP of Kienzl's "Der Evangelimann" Berlin.
  • 1902 Birth of composer Cvjetko Rihtman
  • 1905 Birth of English soprano Margaret FIELD-HYDE in Cambridge. Sang in FP of Riders to the Sea (Vaughan Williams).
  • 1905 Birth of Hungarian cellist and composer Matyas Gyorgy SEIBER. d-car crash at Kruger National Park, So Africa, 24 SEP 1960.
  • 1907 Birth of Swiss mezzo-soprano Elsa CAVELTI in Rorschach, Engadine. d-Basel, 10 AUG 2001. Studied in Sanct Gallen, and Frankfurt. Cavelti started as a mezzo, then she became a soprano. From 1936, Cavelti sang all over Europe, appearing at Bayreuth, Berlin, Bordeaux, Brussels, Graz, Hamburg, Marseille, and many others. Some of her concert appearances included Aix-en-Provence, Brussels, London, Madrid, Palermo, New York, Pittsburgh and San Francisco. After retiring from the stage she worked as a teacher. Debut as Azucena in Trovatore (Verdi) 1939. Teachers were Theodor Reichmann, Otto Iro. Pupils were John Rath, Ortrun Wenkel. Created Antigone in Erretung Thebens (Kelterborn).
  • 1915 Birth of composer Pedro Saenz
  • 1917 Birth of American composer Edward T. CONE. d-Saturday, 23 OCT 2004.
  • 1919 Birth of German mezzo-soprano Carla HENIUS in Mannheim. Teachers were Hans Emge, Maria Ivogun, Lulu Mysz-Gmeiner.
  • 1919 Birth of composer Dimiter Petkov
  • 1920 First American orchestra to make a European tour. The Symphony Society of New York performs at the Paris Opera House.
  • 1920 FP of Vaughan Williams A London Symphony (No 2) at Queens Hall, conducted by Albert Coates.
  • 1921 Birth of Dutch tenor John van KESTEREN Hague. Debut as Italian Singer in Rosenkavalier (Strauss). Teacher was Lothar Wallerstein.
  • 1924 Birth of Russian pianist Tatiana NIKOLAYEVA in Bezhitz. d-after collapsing on stage, during the intermission of recital in 1993.
  • 1924 FP of N. Miaskovsky's Symphony No. 6, in Moscow.
  • 1926 FP of Castelnuovo-Tedesco's "La mandragola" Venice.
  • 1930 Birth of American soprano Roberta PETERS (Peterman) in NYC. MET OperaRigoletto [Gilda], Il Barbiere di Siviglia [Rosina], 17 NOV 1950 [Zerlina] Don Giovanni, 34 seasons (1950-56, 57-85) 512 perf., 24 roles, 22 works. Films: City Hall, Tonight We Sing. Jewish Cultural Achievement Awards in Performing Arts [1997]. Teacher was William Hermann. Film & TV appearances. Flatering likeness.
  • 1931 Birth of Russian conductor Gennadi ROZHDESTVENSKY in Moscow. m-pianist Viktoria Postnikova in 1969.
  • 1932 Birth of soprano Eva ZIKMUNDOVA in Kromertz. Debut as Vendulka in The Kiss (Smetana) 1957. Teachers were Premsyl Koci, Zdenek Otava, Vera Strelcova, Marie Vojtkova. Created Lee in Lake Ukereve (Macha).
  • 1932 Death of Spanish bass Jose Mardones. b-Fontecha, 1869. Debut 1981.
  • 1932 Birth of composer Fausto Razzi
  • 1934 FP of revision of Gliere's "Shah-Senem" (1926) Baku.
  • 1935 FP of Pizzetti's "Orseolo" Florence. Franca Somigli (s) (1901- 1974) U.S. [Contarina].
  • 1937 Birth of composer Hans Ulrich Lehmann
  • 1937 Birth of Spanish-English harpist Marisa ROBLES.
  • 1938 FP of Malipiero's "Antonio e Cleopatra" Florence.
  • 1942 Birth of Mexican conductor Enrique BATIZ.
  • 1943 Death of Italian soprano Cesira Ferrani in Vercelli. Teacher was Antonietta Fricci. Created Mimi in Boheme (Puccini). Manon in Manon Lescaut (Puccini). Maria in Fior D'Alpe. Sang in premiere of Le Maschere (Mascagni).
  • 1948 Birth of English composer Michael Blake WATKINS in Ilford, Essex.
  • 1949 Birth of American composer John NEWELL in Charlotte, NC.
  • 1949 FP of Bacon´s Folk opera "A Drumlin Legend" NYC.
  • 1940 FP of Pizzetti's "Vanna Lupa" Florence. Gianna Pederzini (m/s) (1906-1988) It.
  • 1950 FP of Malipiero's "L'allegra brigata" Milan. Renato Capecchi (b) (1923-1998) It.
  • 1951 Birth of American composer Peter WARE.
  • 1953 FP of Wm. Schuman's "The Mighty Casey" Hartford, CT.
  • 1953 FP of Delius' "Irmelin" Oxford.
  • 1955 Death of Rumanian conductor, teacher, violinist and composer Georges Enesco (Enescu) in Paris. b-Liveni-Virnav, 19 AUG 1881.
  • 1972 Birth of American composer Scott ROSENBERG.
  • 1974 FP of Einojuhani Rautavaara's Flute Concerto, flutist Gunilla von Bahr, Swedish Radio Symphony, Stig Westerberg conducting in Stockholm.
  • 1989 FP of Joan Tower's Island Prelude for oboe and strings. Peter Bowman and the St. Louis Symphony, Leonard Slatkin conducting.
  • 2003 Death of Italian Bass-baritone Sesto Bruscantini at 83. Was known for performing 18th-century opera buffo, died after a long illness, the Italian Web site ANSA reports Andante obituary
  • 2003 Death of English composer Arthur Oldham in Villejuif, France. b- 1926.
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